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Usool E Tahqeeq Urdu Pdf Free Download: A Guide to Research Methodology in Urdu




Research methodology is the systematic process of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data to answer a research question or solve a problem. Research methodology can be divided into two main types: qualitative and quantitative. Qualitative research involves exploring the meanings, experiences, and perspectives of people or groups, while quantitative research involves measuring and testing variables using numerical data and statistical techniques.


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Usool E Tahqeeq Urdu Pdf Free Download is a book that provides a comprehensive introduction to research methodology in Urdu. The book covers the basic concepts, principles, and techniques of research, as well as the ethical and practical issues involved in conducting research. The book also provides examples and exercises to help the readers apply their knowledge and skills to various research topics and fields.


The book is written by Abdul Hameed Khan Abbasi, a renowned scholar and researcher of Urdu literature and language. The book is published by Farhan Publishers, Lahore, in 2012. The book is available online for free download on Rekhta, a website that hosts a large collection of Urdu books, poetry, and prose. The book is also available on Internet Archive, a digital library that offers free access to millions of books, movies, music, and more.


The book is divided into 12 chapters, each covering a different aspect of research methodology. The chapters are as follows:


  • Introduction to Research: This chapter defines research, its types, objectives, characteristics, and importance. It also explains the difference between research and information, and the role of research in various fields of knowledge.



  • Research Problem: This chapter discusses how to select, define, and formulate a research problem. It also explains the criteria for choosing a good research problem, and the sources of research problems.



  • Research Design: This chapter describes the various components of a research design, such as sampling, data collection methods, data analysis methods, hypothesis testing, validity, reliability, and generalization. It also explains the types of research designs, such as experimental, quasi-experimental, descriptive, correlational, causal-comparative, and case study.



  • Data Collection Methods: This chapter explains the various methods of collecting data for research, such as observation, interview, questionnaire, survey, test, document analysis, content analysis, focus group discussion, and case study. It also discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each method, and the factors to consider when choosing a data collection method.



  • Data Analysis Methods: This chapter introduces the basic concepts and techniques of data analysis for both qualitative and quantitative data. It also explains how to use software tools such as SPSS and NVivo for data analysis.



  • Report Writing: This chapter provides guidelines for writing a research report or thesis. It covers the structure, format, style, language, citation, and referencing of a research report. It also provides tips for avoiding plagiarism and common errors in report writing.



  • Research Ethics: This chapter discusses the ethical principles and issues involved in conducting research. It covers the topics such as informed consent, confidentiality, anonymity, privacy, harm, benefit, justice, and integrity. It also explains how to deal with ethical dilemmas and obtain ethical approval for research.



  • Research Proposal: This chapter explains how to write a research proposal for applying for funding or approval for research. It covers the elements and structure of a research proposal such as title, abstract, introduction, literature review, research questions, research design, data collection methods, data analysis methods, expected results, limitations, implications, and budget.



  • Literature Review: This chapter describes how to conduct a literature review for research. It explains the purpose and process of literature review such as identifying, searching, evaluating, synthesizing, and organizing relevant literature. It also provides tips for writing and citing a literature review.



  • Hypothesis Testing: This chapter introduces the concept and types of hypothesis testing for quantitative research. It explains how to formulate and test hypotheses using statistical techniques such as t-test, ANOVA, chi-square test, correlation, and regression.



  • Qualitative Research: This chapter focuses on qualitative research and its features such as naturalistic setting, holistic perspective, inductive reasoning, interpretive approach, subjective meaning, and emergent design. It also discusses the types and methods of qualitative research such as phenomenology, ethnography, grounded theory, narrative inquiry, and action research.



  • Quantitative Research: This chapter focuses on quantitative research and its features such as controlled setting, reductionist perspective, deductive reasoning, positivist approach, objective measurement, and fixed design. It also discusses the types and methods of quantitative research such as experimental, quasi-experimental, descriptive, correlational, causal-comparative, and survey research.



Usool E Tahqeeq Urdu Pdf Free Download is a useful and valuable resource for anyone who wants to learn about research methodology in Urdu. The book is written in a simple and clear language, and provides ample examples and exercises to enhance the understanding and application of the concepts and techniques. The book is also suitable for students, teachers, researchers, and professionals who are interested in conducting or evaluating research in various fields of knowledge.


The book can be downloaded for free from the following links:


  • [Rekhta]



  • [Internet Archive]



Alternatively, you can also read the book online on Rekhta or Internet Archive.


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